Medical Oncologist

Medical oncologists play a crucial role in the comprehensive care of cancer patients, focusing on the non-surgical aspects of cancer treatment.

Specific roles of a Medical Oncologist:

  • Recommending specialised tests that detect biomarkers for specific forms of cancer.
  • Communicate with patients and their families, explaining treatment options, potential side effects, and expected outcomes.
  • Medical oncologists are responsible for prescribing and administering chemotherapy.
  • After completing active treatment, medical oncologists continue to monitor patients through regular follow-up appointments. They assess treatment efficacy, manage late side effects, and address any concerns or symptoms that may arise.

Questions to ask a Medical Oncologist:

  1. What are the treatment options available for my type and stage of cancer?
  2. What are the potential side effects of the proposed treatment?
  3. How long is the treatment expected to last, and what is the frequency of sessions?
  4. Are there clinical trials or research studies relevant to my case?
  5. Will I need additional imaging or tests during or after treatment?
  6. Are there lifestyle changes or complementary therapies that may benefit me?
  7. What health outcomes can I hope to achieve through this therapy?
  8. What are the potential side effects and impacts to my quality of life?

Areas of Specialty:

You might encounter these specialized oncologists in your cancer journey, depending on your cancer type:

  • Gynecologic oncologists– treat women with cancers of the reproductive system. Like medical oncologists, they prescribe cancer drugs, but also perform surgeries.
  • Urologic oncologists focus on cancers of the kidney, bladder and the male reproductive system.
  • Hematologist-oncologist are trained to diagnose and treat blood cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma.
  • Pediatric Oncologist are involved in the treatment of cancer or children and young teenagers who have become vulnerable to this disease from a young age.
  • Neuro Oncologists – specialize in treating nervous system, spine, and brain cancers.
  • Geriatric Oncologists – specialize in providing the best care for cancer patients who are 65 and older. Such older patients can have additional challenges. Hence, geriatric oncologists specialize in providing such patients with the best care and comfort.

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